Monday, October 31, 2016

Pterois Volitans [SCORPAENIDAE] [LIONFISH]

lion-fish

General Specifications

Latin Name: Pterois Volitans
Geographic Origin: Western Pacific.
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous. Small fish, shrimp, frozen baits.
Behavior: Moderate aggressive. Most of the time a fish is peaceful but hunters will hunt small fish.
Behavior to Their Type: Moderately aggressive
Gender Discrimination: It is difficult to determine the difference between male and female.

Reproduction

Male fish live with harem. A male mates with many female. They spawn in the evening after an all-day courtship. They leave about 2000 eggs and that eggs can be found in the form of a few artillery. The offspring will be released within 36 hours. The calves are fed with plankton.

Living Medium

Light: Normal
Salinity: 1025
Temperature: 22 ° C - 28 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 38 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 300 liters
Reef Compatibility: Compatible, attention should be paid to nitrates.
pH: 8.2 - 8.5



General Comments: These fish has very interesting looking. They are touted as nitrate bombs, also they eat too much and grow more in the aquarium. That causes pollution in aquarium, because of that if you feed lionfish, you must check regularly quality of water. They hunt small fish and shrimp in the tank. You must be very careful while feeding and moving because their spines are poisonous. They are more active in night.

Sunday, October 30, 2016

What you need for a good goldfish aquarium?

aquarium-filtration-goldfish

I started to write this blog to give you information about specification of fresh and saltwater species. If you have an aquarium you must know that lots of thing about your fish to ensure them good living medium.

As you know that goldfishes are one of the most popular aquarium fish. I gived general information about goldfish and 7 common misconception about them before. And now I will inform you about "What you need for a good goldfish aquarium?"

What you need for a good goldfish aquarium?

What is the size of a good golfish aquarium?

As I talked that before, keeping golfish in a bowl is one of the biggest mistake. They need space in aquarium because of that for each goldfish you need to at least 40 liters aquarium. I recommend that keeping them as a pair. Hereunder, if you want to keep goldfish you must have at least 80 liters aquarium.

Is the filtration necessary for a good goldfish aquarium?

Yes, it is obligatory. Because, goldfishes produce lots of waste and its easily poison water quality. If you want to keep your fish healty, your aquarium must have a good filtration system. Bio-wheel filtration is recommended. In addtion, filtration system must cycle twice whole water in aquarium.

Which heating system is required for a good goldfish aquarium?

Goldfishes are durable fishes. But you need to careful about temperature of aquarium. It is recommended that placing a small heater to aquarium.

Which gravel and decorations must be placed in a good goldfish aquarium?

They are herbivorous, so if you keep them in real planted aquarium they will eat all plant. You can use plastic plant, but quality of this plant is important. Some low quality aquarium decorations may poison the water. 
Goldfishes are scavengers and they tend to put gravel in their mouth. Therefore, you must land gravel to aquarium. Size of gravel is important, they must be big enough and rounded to protect goldfish to choke. 

What is the other important point for a good goldfish aquarium?

A good air pump is also important for a good goldfish aquarium. And if you keep goldfish having water test kit is recommended. In addition, aquarium must be lighted with lamp that not produce too much heat.

Friday, October 28, 2016

Procambarus Alleni [CAMBARIDAE]

electric blue crayfish

General Specifications

Latin Name: Procambarus alleni
Geographic Origin: America / is a species native to Florida.
Nutrition Format: Both carnivorous and herbivorous. 
Behavior: In the aquarium that has over population, they can catch fish to eat.
Behavior to Their Type: Moderately aggressive.
Swimming Level: Floor and Decor.
Gender Discrimination: Clamp of males are longer and more colorful.

Reproduction

They disappear, when they are ready for reproduction. Then eggs female adherent manner reappear. It is necessary to separate the men. Female protect eggs 1 month long and do not eat anything, because of that they must be feed good before reproduction. Nearly 50 puppies off are sized to be fed with the Artemia. If there is insufficient floor area in the aquarium, they can eat each other if . 

Living Medium

Temperature: 18 ° C - 22 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 15 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 100 liters.
Water Hardness: Medium - Hard
pH: 7.5 - 8.5



General Comments:  Their life is approximately 2-3 years. Aquarium must be well-ventilated with  air stone, otherwise they drowned. Ammonia and nitrite zero, if the nitrate is required is relatively small. They can take a very hard way to clamp your hand.

Champsochromis Spilorhynchus [Malawi Chiclid]

CHAMPSOCHROMIS SPILORHYNCHUS malawi chichlid


General Specifications

Latin Name: Champsochromis spilorhynchus
Geographic Origin: They are spread over a wide area of Lake Malawi.
Living Area: Shallow, sediment-rich areas.
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous
Behavior: Moderate aggressive
Behavior to Their Type: Aggressive
Swimming Level: Bottom-Medium
Gender Discrimination: Males are larger than females have red anal fin with blue colors.

Reproduction

They do incubators in the mouth.

Living Medium

Temperature: 24 ° C - 26 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 40 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 400 liters
Water Hardness: 9-15 °
pH: 7.5 - 8.5

General Comments: They fish in large sandy area. They are ruthless and large predators. They should not be in the same aquarium with small fish.

Wednesday, October 26, 2016

Siganus Vulpinus [SIGANIDAE]

General Specifications

Latin Name: Siganus vulpinus
Geographic Origin: Western Pacific: western Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea, Great Barrier Reef, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Caroline Islands, Marshall Islands, Nauru and Kiribati. Lately there has been in Tonga.
Living Area: Usually in coral reefs and lagoons, maximum depth of 30 m.
Nutrition Format: Herbivore, diet consists of fresh vegetables and a variety of undesirable algae. Some soft and hard coral polyps are likely to bite and eat. They will accept flake of high quality vegetable. Cyanobacteria, sea algae, the algae in tank including hair algae will be completely eliminated.
Behavior: Peaceful
Behavior to Their Type: Moderately aggressive
Gender Discrimination: It is difficult to determine the difference between male and female.

Reproduction

They shed plain eggs. It is difficult to produce. It is believed that the partnership lasted until his death the couple.

Living Medium

Light: Normal
Salinity: 1020-1025
Temperature: 22 ° C - 26 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 25 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 300 liters
Reef Compatibility: Caution should be. If the problem if it is not well fed, otherwise they may bite some LPS and soft corals (usually zoanthids and button polyps).
Water Hardness: 8 - 12 ° dH (medium - hard)
pH: 8.1 - 8.4



General Comments: Foxface rabbitfish, popular for beginners and experienced aquarists, attractive and durable fish. Usually found in the form of single or dual in rich regions of the lagoon and coral reef. They have noise like mouth to eat algae and other plant foods. There are poisonous spines in the dorsal and anal fins. Because of that must be dealt with caution. Poison is not as strong as a lion fish bites but it causes a bad pain. Because of poisonous dorsal spines predators leave them alone. They have color changing ability, when thwt are stressful or in unfamiliar environments they turn their color to dark brown.

Tuesday, October 25, 2016

ASTROPECTEN BISPINOSUS [ASTROPECTINIDAE]

ASTROPECTINIDAE-sea-star

General Specifications

Latin Name: Astropecten bispinosus
Geographic Origin: Mediterranean Sea
Nutrition Format: Plankton and micro-organisms sand niggle in the fed.
Behavior: Peaceful
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful

Living Medium

Light: Normal
Salinity: 1.023 to 1.026
Temperature: 22 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 21 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 60 liters
Reef Compatibility: Compatible
pH: 8.1 - 8.4



General Comments: This species live in the deep sea water. During the day, fed by filtering water. Maintenance is a kind of hard, because there is not enough belenebil micro-organisms in the aquarium will usually die from starvation.

Ancistrus Claro [LORICARIIDAE]

Loricariidae

General Specifications

Latin Name: Ancistrus claro.
Geographic Origin: Brazil
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous - Herbivores.
Behavior: Peaceful.
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful.
Swimming Level: Bottom, also act in the glass and accessories.
Gender Discrimination: It consists of spines on the mouths of men.

Reproduction

They shed plain eggs, retain their eggs.

Living Medium

Temperature: 24 ° C - 28 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 7 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 80 liters
Water Hardness: 2 - 10 ° d
pH: 6 to 7.6



General Comments:  It is active during the day. Man and female access reproductive maturity at same time.

Monday, October 24, 2016

Potamotrygon Henlei [Potamotrygonidae]

Tocantins-River-ray

General Specifications

Latin Name: Potamotrygon henlei.
Geographic Origin: Rio Tocantins / Brazil
Living Area: They live in plenty flowing mud or sand-covered floor. 
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous. It is fed by small fish and invertebrates in nature. Can not accept dry feed in the aquarium. Krill, squid, live baits should not be missing from the diet, such as shrimp. Beef liver is objectionable granting of foods such as chicken.
Behavior: Peaceful.
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful.
Swimming Level: Base.
Gender Discrimination: Men have more bright spots, even though the distinction for looking at the pelvic fins. Male sexual organ that is located in the tail and extending internal insemination as in sharks.

Reproduction

3-12 month gestation period in the natural environment is usually completed in 9-12 weeks in the aquarium environmentA few months offspring should be fed with the parents. Otherwise, they can compete fed by parents. Newborn cubs are born with brown spots.

Living Medium

Temperature: 23 ° C - 28 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 24 "/ can grow up to 60 cm (disc diameter).
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 500 liters for a single fish
Water Hardness: Soft-Medium
pH: 5.8 to 7.2



General Comments:  This is one of the most visually beautiful of freshwater stingrays. Although the export of farm produce for arrest due to excessive periods in accordance with trade regulations IBAMA in Brazil it is illegal. Floor area of the aquarium to feed this type is very important. There is a tendency to flush sand itself under stress. So it must be selected fine-grained sand. Each floor in the living organisms in the water such as nitrite, nitrate and ammonia is sensitive to rates.

Sunday, October 23, 2016

Caridina Cf. Cantonensis [SHRIMP] [King Kong]

kingkong-shrimp

General Specifications

Latin Name: Caridina cf. cantonensis "King Kong"
Geographic Origin: It is a species has been breeding the aquarium environment. The wild ancestors live in China.
Nutrition Format: Herbivores, well cleaned with specially manufactured feeds for shrimp and steamed vegetables can be given.
Behavior: Peaceful.
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful.
Swimming Level: Floor and Decor.
Gender Discrimination: Females are larger than males and carry the eggs in the abdomen.

Reproduction

After 4 weekly transport, fry shrimp gradually become an independent individual separated from the female's abdomen. An average female lays 25 eggs. Females average 6 weeks after can start carry new eggs.

Living Medium

Temperature: 18 ° C - 25 ° C
Maximum Sizes: Men's 2 cm., 3 cm in females.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 30 liters.
Water Hardness: 8 ° dH
pH: 6.0 - 7.0



General Comments:  General Comments: This is a mutation of the Bee shrimp. Black brightness and increased density value increases. They are one of the most valuable breeding shrimps.

NOTHOBRANCHIUS RACHOVII [KILLIFISH]

killifish-rachovii

General Specifications

Latin Name: Nothobranchius Rachovii.
Geographic Origin: Southern Mozambique.
Nutrition Format: Both carnivores and herbivores.
Behavior: Peaceful.
Behavior to Their Type: Even tough they are peaceful, they protect their area.
Swimming Level: Middle and Surface.
Gender Discrimination: Females are more swollen than men and have more dull colors.

Reproduction

There is no significant information about reproduction behavior of this type.

Living Medium

Temperature: 20 ° C - 24 ° C
Maximum Sizes: Men's 5 cm., 6 cm in females.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 60 liters.
Water Hardness: 4-6 ° dH
pH: 6.0 - 7.0



General Comments:  They live about 1 year. You can store eggs in wet peat about 6-8 weeks.

Saturday, October 22, 2016

Astronotus Ocellatus [Oscar Fish] [ASTRONOTINAE]

oscar-fish

General Specifications

Latin Name: Astronotus Ocellatus.
Geographic Origin: Colombia, Venezuela, France Guyana, Peru, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina, has been very common in nature. It is collected from many river systems, Amazonas, Negro, solimãμes, Ucayali, Approuagu and Oyapock. Most often found in wooded areas of slow moving or still water in the shallows.
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous.
Behavior: Moderate aggressive.
Behavior to Their Type: Moderate aggressive.
Swimming Level: Bottom-middle-Surface.
Gender Discrimination: Gender discrimination is very difficult. However, referring to the distinction made in the reproductive period tube tubes releasing fish. The female reproductive wide and oval-tipped tube, boy 'is in the narrow and pointed. Men grow faster than females.

Reproduction

The surface like a flat rock, they spawn. Generating possible in large aquariums. Because male and female co-discrimination had taken a group of 8-10 have kept fish production can be separated.

Living Medium

Temperature: 22 ° C - 25 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 35 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 300 liters (for one fish).
Water Hardness: 5-19 ° dH
pH: 6.0 - 8.0



General Comments:  Astronauts which have access to large size, are sleek, predatory fish. Especially young, they are very active. Another feature of the astronaut that they are very intelligent, accustomed to jump over the water can get your bait by hand. It is the biggest mistake that can be made for them to feed in small aquarium. They are dangerous against to the size of fish that they can swallow. There are several color variations. They grow at a rate of 2.5-3cm each month until reach the size 25 cm.

Friday, October 21, 2016

BETTA SPLENDENS [OSPHRONEMIDAE]

Siamese-fighting-fish

General Specifications

Latin Name: Betta Splendens.
Geographic Origin: Thailand.
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous.
Behavior: Moderate aggressive.
Behavior to Their Type: Over aggressive.
Swimming Level: Surface
Gender Discrimination: Males are more colorful and have longer fins.

Reproduction

Men make their nest on top of the water from the foam. While female spawn father would guard the eggs and carry them into this foam.

Living Medium

Temperature: 24 ° C - 30 ° C  
Maximum Sizes: 7 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 30 liters.
Water Hardness: 5-19 ° dH
pH: 6.0 - 8.0



General Comments: Often sold in glass bell jar. This fish could not find the right place in terms of ethics of survival because of the way the commercial concerns. And also because of their behavior two men can not live in the same environment. They do not behave selective for nutrition.

AMPHIPRION MELANOPUS [CINNAMON CLOWNFISH]

Amphiprion-melanopus

General Specifications

Latin Name: Amphiprion melanopus
Geographic Origin: United States
Nutrition Format: Both carnivores and herbivores
Behavior: Semi-Aggressive
Behavior to Their Type: Semi-Aggressive

Living Medium

Light: Normal
Salinity: 1,020 to 1,025
Temperature: 22 ° C - 26 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 12 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 100 liters
Reef Compatibility: Compatible
pH: 8.1 - 8.4



General Comments: This type of clown is easy to produce at home. Puppies should be put on a pair of the same aquarium. By the time pass one will be male and an other female. Then they shed their eggs on a flat surface. Depending on the temperature drop eggs in 6-11 days. Then fry should be fed with rotifer culture, whether in a separate aquarium.

Amphiprion Ocellaris [OCELLARIS CLOWNFISH]

ocellaris-clownfish

General Specifications

Latin Name: Amphiprion Ocellaris
Geographic Origin: The Western Pacific. It is also called anemone fish.
Living Area: It makes some kind of hosting the anemones. Pacific Carpet Anemone would be preferred.
Nutrition Format: Accept dry feed. Live bait should not be neglected.
Behavior: Peaceful
Behavior to Their Type: Moderately aggressive
Gender Discrimination: They can change gender according to condition, one of the dominant male develope and return to female. 

Reproduction

They live as a colony with one active male, female and pasive males. Anemones play an important role in reproduction, but anemones is not necessarily they can also spawn elsewhere deem safe.

Living Medium

Light: Normal

Salinity: 1,023
Temperature: 25 ° C - 28 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 10 cm.
Reef Compatibility: Compatible
pH: 8.2 - 8.5



General Comments: These are very likeable and lively fish. They fold their reputation with the cartoon character Nemo fame. It is also suitable for a fish will start the new marine aquarium because it is durable. It adapts quickly to the aquarium.

Thursday, October 20, 2016

Nimbochromis Venustus [MALAWI CICHLIDS]

Malawi-venustus

General Specifications

Latin Name: Nimbochromis Venustus
Geographic Origin: Malawi Lake
Living Area: Deep sandy areas.
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous
Behavior: Aggressive
Behavior to Their Type: Aggressive
Swimming Level: Bottom
Gender Discrimination: Men are having more bright and vibrant colors also greater than females.

Reproduction

Females keep between 60 - 120 in their mount. If the condition is good they can be productive when they reach to 1,5 old. 

Living Medium

Temperature: 25 ° C - 26 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 25 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 350 liters.
Water Hardness: 10-18 ° dH
pH: 7.2 - 8.8



General Comments: They are predator fish in their nature. They hunt other cichlids. It will be healty, feeding as a colony which consist of 6 - 8 member with in the 400 liters or more capacity aquarium.

Wednesday, October 19, 2016

Cyphotilapia Frontosa [TANGANYIKA CICHLIDS]

cyphotilapia frontosa

General Specifications

Latin Name: Cyphotilapia Frontosa
Geographic Origin: North of Tanganyika Lake
Living Area: Deep reef areas.
Nutrition Format: Omnivorous. Their diet consist of small fish, various invertebrates, phytoplankton and moss in nature. In the aquarium, quality dry feed and frozen baits should be given.
Behavior: Peaceful against the fish that can not swallow.
Behavior to Their Type: Moderate Aggressive
Swimming Level: Base
Gender Discrimination: Both male and female develops hump but it is more pronounced in men. Alpha is the largest fish in the men's group and a darker color.

Reproduction

Females 25-70 eggs will hatch in the mouth for 28 days. It is not difficult to produce. A man with 4-5 female is recommended. Double fish are separated from the group and prepare the area where they breed. Man keeps chasing other fish from the region. Frontosa they leave their eggs in a cavity or pots. When ovulation starts, the female lays eggs and then gets her mouth and eggs are fertilized by the male. Spawning repeated this process several times before completion. It is recommended that to seperate female fish to an other aquarium to increase the living chance after coupling. Frontosa puppies are quite large and comfortably accommodates live bait such as brine shrimp. It can also be supplied with small grain forage. Water quality is directly related with grow rate of offspring.

Living Medium

Temperature: 24 ° C - 26 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 35 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 560 liters for a small group.
Water Hardness: 10-20 ° dH
pH: 8.5 - 9.1



General Comments: There are some differences between the gibberos and this type. This species was found in the northern part of the lake, gibberos is located in southern.  There are some differences in their size, scales and fins. There are fewer teeth on the upper jaw and the body heights are different. They are the fish that reach large sizes and used as food by people from the local area. They live in the deeper parts of the lake where aren't easily imitated in the aquarium. However, feeding will be quite easy if sufficient space provided. A group which consisting of 6 fish is recommended. 80-100 liters of water per a frontosa must be set. Men can beat the female, so it is useful to keep the maximum number of female. Generally peaceful to tank mates unless they are very small. With similar sized other Tanganyika cichlids or Synodontis catfish can be fed together. There are several varieties of frontosa, which vary depending on the region they are caught in Lake Tanganyika.

7 COMMON GOLDFISH MISCONCEPTION

GOLDFISH-MEMORY

7 Wrong Known About Goldfish

Goldfish are the popular pet fish species. But there are lots of wrong known / misconceptions about goldfish. Here 7 most common misconceptions.

1. They have three second memory.

Everybody thinks that fishes have very limited memory. And when we say that fish, everybody imagines a gold fish in a small fish glass. But it is not true. Goldfishes remember lots of things like feeding time, feeding person, other fishes and their living environment more than 3 months.

2. They can live just 1 or 2 years.

Every parents buy a goldfish for their child and one morning they faced with emerged goldfish. Because of that, everybody thinks that goldfish lives just 1-2 years. But it is not true. If you provide a good living medium to goldfish they can live up to 40 years or more.

3. They are vegetarian.

One an other common misconception is that goldfish just eat plants. But goldfishes are omnivore, they eat both plant and meat in natural. Especially in reproduction term they need to take more protein.

4. They can live in fish glass. 

Lots of goldfish jailed to small fish glass (glass bowl). And the owners think that this small bowl is enough for goldfish. But it is a big mistake. For goldfish, vantilation of water, regular water change and filtration is vital.

5. They are peaceful and they can live with other fishes.

OK. They are peaceful but the other fishes must be choosen carefully. In addition, fishes in the tank must be in proper size because goldfish can try to eat them.

6. They can live in a group.

A group of goldfish can be look good but If you place them a small tank water easily go bad and fishes become sick. For each goldfish 35 liters place is advised.

7. They do not become sick easily.

Yes, they are strong pet but if you do not provide good living environment, they get infection often.

Tuesday, October 18, 2016

CARASSIUS AURATUS [GOLDFISH] [CYPRINIFORMES]

CARASSIUS-AURATUS-goldfish

General Specifications

Latin Name: Carassius Auratus
Geographic Origin: Asia.
Living Area: They can live in all kinds of habitat.
Nutrition Format: Both carnivores and herbivores.
Behavior: Peaceful.
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful
Swimming Level: In general base and the middle
Gender Discrimination: In reproductive period occurs bubble-like structures in the gills of men.

Reproduction

They shed a large number of their eggs. Depending on water conditions, eggs were opened with a time varying within 4-6 day.

Living Medium

Temperature: For artificial selection type 18 ° C - 24 ° C / For the wild close type 4 ° C - 30 ° C 
Maximum Sizes: 35 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: For each fish 40 liters.
Water Hardness: 5-19 ° dH
pH: 6.0 - 8.0



General Comments: If you take care them good they can live average 25 years. Goldfishes do not have satiety feeling. Because of that if you feed them too much, they suffer from constipation. Size of the fishes which share the aquarium with goldfishes is important, their sizes must be large enough. To avoid swallow of these fishes by goldfishes. 

You can also read 7 common misconception about golfish.

Poecilia Reticulata [GUPPY] [POECILIIDAE]

millionfish-rainbowfish-guppy

General Specifications

Latin Name: Poecilia reticulata
Geographic Origin: Venezuela, Barbados, Trinidad, Guyana and northern Brazil as well as many Caribbean Island.
Living Area: They can live in all kinds of habitat. Some populations will survive in brackish water.
Nutrition Format: Both carnivores and herbivores. Their primarily nutrition is insect in nature but accepts all kinds of feed those in the aquarium environment.
Behavior: Peaceful.
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful
Swimming Level: Intermediate - Surface
Gender Discrimination: Females are larger. Rear fins of males are much larger and flashy. There is no gonopod of female.

Reproduction

They are livebearer, it is easy breeding and rearing of offspring. Pregnancy understanded from the gravid spot behind the anal fin, its color turn dark.They can breed around 5-100 and pregnancy can last between 4-6 weeks. The female can store sperm in the fallopian tube for a long time so the female can generate offspring without men ever period of 6 months.

Living Medium

Temperature: 17 ° C - 28 ° C
Maximum Sizes: Men 4cm, females 6 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 40 liters
Water Hardness: 7-19 ° dH (soft - very hard)
pH: 7.0 - 8.5



General Comments: With the peacefull nature of guppies and easy reproduction this fish come in to mind when some one said aquarium. By the natural selection a lot of different colored and shaped guppies are produced. The fish reach sexual maturity when they are 3 months old. They like planted tanks where the water over the plants. They live in a peace with other livebearers like rasbora, corydoras, small loricariid and tetra. To control mosquito larvae they are produced and released in most of third world country.

Altolamprologus Calvus [TANGANYIKA CICHLIDS]

ALTOLAMPROLOGUS-CALVUS-CICHLIDS

General Specifications

Latin Name: Altolamprologus Calvus
Geographic Origin: Lake Tanganyika
Living Area: Reef
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous
Behavior: Aggressive in their region.
Behavior to Their Type: Moderate in aggressive
Swimming Level: Base
Gender Discrimination: Men will be longer and bigger fins.

Reproduction

They leave 25-150 eggs to holes.

Living Medium

Temperature: 24 ° C - 27 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 15 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 100 liters
Water Hardness: Medium - Very Hard
pH: 7.5 - 9.0

General Comments: Their type is divided into three basic colors forms including black, white and yellow. Yellow is the rarest form of the hobby. They are aggressive in the repruction time. About 1.5 years old they become reproductive. After leaving spawning leave female fish in the tank and remove all of the other fish or remove female and eggs to an other tank. Aquarium with rocks can provide a nature living area for calvus.

Barbus Ablabes [CYPRINIFORMES]

Barbodes-ablabes-Cypriniformes

General Specifications

Latin Name: Barbus Ablabes
Geographic Origin: Ghana, Nigeria, Togo, Burkina Faso, Chad.
Living Area: Flowing rivers in forest area
Nutrition Format: Omnivores
Behavior: Peaceful
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful
Swimming Level: Middle and surface
Gender Discrimination: Men made smaller and thinner, especially during the breeding season is more swollen bellies of the females.

Reproduction

Egg-layer. Produced in pairs or groups. During the breeding they do not need to too high aquarium 50*50* floor sized aquarium is enough. If a grizzly is placed to floor eggs protected from the parents. After spawning broodstock should be taken, methylene blue should be dropped into the aquarium where the eggs. Artemia can be given to puppies. The neglect of water changes and well fed the offspring will develop very fast.

Living Medium

Temperature: 23 ° C - 25 ° C
Maximum Sizes: Men 9 cm., females 10 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 150 liters
Water Hardness: 2 - 12 ° dH production at 10 ° dH
pH: 5.5 - 6.7 in production 6

General Comments: They like group with their own species. And planted aquariums especially planted with reeds like plants will be good environment for Barbus Ablabes.