Friday, December 30, 2016

TYPES OF AQUARIUM FILTER / Basic to Complex

There are many types of aquarium filter with different function.

We can seperate aquarium filter in to 3 according to their function.


  • Mechanic Filtration: desingned to catch particles in the aquarium water.
  • Chemical Filtration: filter chemical impurities which like caused by food adulteration.
  • Biological Filtration: helps to nitogen cycle and provides enough space for the grow of beneficial bacterias.

Basic to Complex Aquarium Filters

Up to now we learned function of aquarium filters. Now let’s look at types of aquarium filter from basic to complex.

Sponge/Air Driven Filter

air-driven-filter
Sponge/Air Driven Filter

The most basic aquarium filter. We can not classify this as a mechanic, chemical and biological because they do not do much this functions. You can use this filter for breeding, fry, nursery, hospital, small fish and invertebrates tanks.
Sponge filters’ working princable is to basic. It is powered with air pump and air starts to flow through tube in the center of filter. This flow force the water pull through sponge and filtration done this way.

Price Range: $1.00 - $25.00

Hang on Back (HOB) Filter

hang-on-back-filter
HOB Filter

This type of filter used commonly because it can provide mechanical, biological and chemical filtration at the same time.
You can hang over it to the back or the sides of aquarium. They suck water in the aquarium through their siphone and give back the water to aquarium over their waterfall.
Suck water pass through filter material and according to filter materials, they can provide different type of filtration.

Price Range: $10.00 - $180.00

Internal Filter

inner-aquarium-filter
Internal Filter

Internal filters have dense structure. Because of that it is good to use them in small sized and nano aquariums. You can easily stick to the sides of aquarium.
They provide good mechanical, chemical and biological filtration for small sized aquariums. If you place an airline it can give air which produced movement of water to aquarium.

Price Range: $10.00 - $110.00

Undergravel Filter

aquarium-gravel-filter
Undergravel Filter

As you can understand from the name of filter, it is placed under the gravel of aquarium. It pulls water through the gravel.
Water pass through gravel and by this way mechanical filtration happen. We can not talk chemical and biological filtration very definitely.
Note: You must mix up the gravel over on the filter. If not, particules may collect over your gravel.

Price Range: $8.00 - $60.00

Canister Filter

bigsize-aquarium-filter
Canister Filter

Canister filters are common for big size aquarium. They provide good chemical, mechanical and biological filtration. Because they have bigger size comparing with internal and HOB filters.
According to material inside of canister filter easily at same time as chemically, mechanically and biologically. By the help of siphon it draw water inside and water pass through the different filter materials and turn back to aquarium.
You can use this type of filter for every type of aquarium (salt, fresh and planted) with inner peace.

Price Range: $30.00 - $500.00

Wet/Dry Filter

trickle-filter
Wet/Dry Filter

Wet/dry filters also called trickle filter. 
Setup of this type of aquarium is onerous but especially for salt aquarium it provides excellent biological filtration. Because it provides large area for beneficial bacteria grow.
It also do good chemical filtration with the material in the medium. But its mechanical filtration is limitted.

Price Range: $50.00 - $500.00

Fluidized Bed Filter

sand-filter
Fluidized Bed Filter

By the help of water pump water pumped into filter tube. Filter tube includes granules like sand, plastic or silica.
They provides good biological filtration, moderate mechanical filtration and not good chemical filtration.

Prize Range: $50.00 - $150.00

To Sum Up

According to your needs you can select one of these filters. Do not forget each aquarium needs a filter. Filtration is vital for aquarium fishes.

Friday, December 16, 2016

BLACK TETRA [GYMNOCORYMBUS TERNETZI] [CHARACIDAE]

Gymnocorymbus-ternetzi

After a short break I will continue to inform you about aquarium fishes starting with Black Tetra.

General Specifications

Latin Name: Gymnocorymbus ternetzi.
Geographic Origin: South America, Amazon River, Negro river, Argentine river.
Living Area: Small, slow-flowing rivers, particularly dangling tree branches and shrubs.
Nutrition Format: They show more interest in plant foods than other tetra species. For this reason, vegetable feeding should not be neglected as much as it feeds on animal foods.
Behavior: Peaceful
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful
Swimming Level: Medium-Surface
Gender Discrimination: Sex discrimination is not easy. If reproduction is considered, it should be taken in groups. Females are bigger, have longer fins. Men's colors are darker.

Reproduction 

Spreading eggs. It's easy. The temperature is 28-30 ° C. Eggs can be prevented from ejaculating by stretching the bottom web. After breeding, the adult fish should definitely take another aquarium. The offspring come out from the egg 18-36 hours. After a few days they start swimming freely. For the first few days, the offspring must feed on infuseria. Then you can use microworm and artemia. Aquariums should be as dark as possible because they are sensitive to light and eggs.

Living Medium

Temperature: 23 - 28 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 6 cm.
Water Hardness: 2 - 20 ° d
pH: 5.5 - 7.0

General Comments: 

It should be viewed in at least six groups as it is in all tetra groups. When they feed in the form of herds, the fish are the ones that can get very comfortable. They are durable fish when appropriate water conditions are met. They can be seen in bituminous aquariums. Next to the plants, mangrove roots and hiding places should be formed. The level of the plants should be up to the level of love that this swim is swimming in. In the habitat, it is made to look at an aquarium where the plants are floating in the light current and the light is formed by the shadows.

Friday, November 25, 2016

GIANT HATCHETFISH [GASTEROPELECIDAE] [THORACOCHARAX SECURIS]

GIANT HATCHETFISH

General Specifications

Latin Name: Thoracocharax Securis.
Geographic Origin: Central Amazon Region
Living Area: Fast flowing planted waters.
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous. Small live feeds and dry feed which plenty of protein should be given.
Behavior: Peaceful
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful
Swimming Level: Surface
Gender Discrimination: Men's are bigger.

Reproduction

No specific information

Living Medium

Temperature: 23 ° C to 30 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 9 cm.
Water Hardness: Soft - Medium
pH: 6.0 - 7.5


General Comments: They should be fed with at least 6 doses. They are splashed very well, so that the aquarium should be covered well. Their life span is 5 years.

Monday, November 14, 2016

Stress in aquarium.

what-is-aquarium-stress

What is Stress?

Most fish are animals that can adapt to most of conditions, but this does not mean that they can live as healthy as their habitats in any environment. If you feed it on inappropriate conditions, but the body functions of the fish slow down or speed up to ensure that this life is sustainable. This function change is called stress. Stress reduces the resistance of the fish to diseases and prevents the fish from treating itself in situations such as injuries. On top of all this, stress can lead to respiratory problems in fish. Stress at a given level may be treatable and not fatal, but stress in high parameters can be absolutely fatal.

What are the causes of stress?

  1. It is a source of stress that the value per liter of water per fish in the tank is less than the fish needs.
  2. The water pH and kH state is not a type of stress source.
  3. Some species live in salt water in small quantities, while others can not. The mistake in salt balance is a source of stress.
  4. Feeding peaceful and aggressive species together is a source of stress.
  5. Untreated water use is a source of stress.
  6. Sudden changes in water conditions are a source of stress.
  7. The species that show herd life are stress sources only.
  8. The amount of oxygen dissolved in water is a source of stress.
  9. It is a source of stress that the content of feed and nutrients used is not suitable.
  10. High drug use is a source of stress.
  11. The increase in ammonia, nitrite and nitrate in the water is a source of stress.
  12. It is a source of stress that the gore is high to low on the type you are fed by your water temperature.

What are the stress statements?

Briefly, we can say fish behavior disorders. I felt the need to expand this brief summary so that I could make a diagnosis in individuals who did not know the normal behavior of the fish.

  1. If the fish is standing on the surface of the water trying to breathe
  2. If fish are constantly hiding
  3. If open wounds are not healing, if fins are melting
  4. If there is external parasitic disease in the fish, it is highly probable that your fish has stress.


How is stress relieved?


It is more difficult to relief stress than obstruction. In short, it is necessary to prevent the stress conditions that I gave above 12 items. After the strase is inserted, it is again determined which of the above 12 items is the stress source and then it is treated by eliminating this source.

Thursday, November 03, 2016

Angelfish [Pterophyllum Scalare]

angelfish


General Specifications

Latin Name: Pterophyllum scalare.
Geographic Origin: Colombia, Suriname, French Guyana, Peru and Brazil. Rio Oyapock, Rio Essequibo, Rio Ucayali, Rio SolimÃμes and the main Amazon basin. It is also found in various rivers in the Amapá region of Brazil.
Living Area: Swamps or submerged areas live in clean or clayey waters where the aquatic or riverside vegetation cover is intense. The colors become darker in clean waters.
Nutrition Format: Both carnivorous and herbivorous. They are predominantly fed with small crustaceans such as Zoobentosa and other aquatic invertebrates. Unlike their ancestors, angels raised in an aquarium environment accept scales and granules. They also like live and frozen food.
Behavior: Moderate aggressive.
Behavior to Their Type: Moderate aggressive.
Swimming Level: Medium - Surface
Gender Discrimination: Men's heads are more humbling. A definite distinction can be made at the time of tube removal. The tube of the men is thinner and pointed; The womens are thicker and rounded.

Reproduction

Flat eggs on a vertical surface, a large plant leaf, mother and father protect the eggs together. Putting 10-15 fish together for breeding and choosing a partner from them will increase the likelihood of success.

Living Medium

Temperature: 24 ° C to 30 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 10 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 1150 liters, the height of the aquarium should be at least 40 cm.
Water Hardness: 0 - 15 ° dH (Very Soft - Hard)
pH: 6.0 - 7.4


General Comments: They are flashy fish. Most hobbyists feed in the aquarium. They are not dangerous for the fish of the length that you can not hunt. Great Angels swallow small fish like Neon. There are angels in many different colors and body forms. It is not appropriate to look with species such as guppy, Japanese fish. In good condition they grow rapidly. It is not recommended to feed with discus. Aquariums can be planted with plants such as Echinodorus. They enjoy the low-calm waters. In addition to the standard silver variety, there are a number of varieties such as black, gold and koi.

Wednesday, November 02, 2016

Yucatan Molly [Poecilia Velifera] [Poeciliidae]

Yucatan-molly

General Specifications

Latin Name: Poecilia velifera.
Geographic Origin: Central America, Mexico, Yukatan.
Nutrition Format: Both carnivorous and herbivorous. Small creatures and algae on the water.
Behavior: Moderate aggressive.
Behavior to Their Type: Only 1 male is recommended in the aquarium.
Swimming Level: Medium - Surface
Gender Discrimination: Men are more colorful and upper fins are more advanced. Men have gonopods.

Reproduction

Live birth (with the tearing of the egg immediately after it has left the belly of the fish).

Living Medium

Temperature: 25 ° C to 28 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 15 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 100 liters. Tanks of at least 300 liters are required to reach large dimensions.
Water Hardness: 13 - 19 ° dH
pH: 7.5 - 8.0


General Comments: The water of the aquariums should be bitter because they live close to the parts where the river flows into the sea. Throwing a tea spoon salt into 50 liters will provide both bitter water conditions and will also make the fish resistant to the mantle and white bean. In the aquarium, 3 female and 1 male are recommended. When more than 2 males are placed, the dominant male can crush other velifera. Their reproduction is a little tougher than the other live births, the offspring can be fed with artemia and powdered feed. The male's back fins are very important for fish during the reproduction period, and in small volume aquariums, the fish do not develop this fin.

Monday, October 31, 2016

Pterois Volitans [SCORPAENIDAE] [LIONFISH]

lion-fish

General Specifications

Latin Name: Pterois Volitans
Geographic Origin: Western Pacific.
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous. Small fish, shrimp, frozen baits.
Behavior: Moderate aggressive. Most of the time a fish is peaceful but hunters will hunt small fish.
Behavior to Their Type: Moderately aggressive
Gender Discrimination: It is difficult to determine the difference between male and female.

Reproduction

Male fish live with harem. A male mates with many female. They spawn in the evening after an all-day courtship. They leave about 2000 eggs and that eggs can be found in the form of a few artillery. The offspring will be released within 36 hours. The calves are fed with plankton.

Living Medium

Light: Normal
Salinity: 1025
Temperature: 22 ° C - 28 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 38 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 300 liters
Reef Compatibility: Compatible, attention should be paid to nitrates.
pH: 8.2 - 8.5



General Comments: These fish has very interesting looking. They are touted as nitrate bombs, also they eat too much and grow more in the aquarium. That causes pollution in aquarium, because of that if you feed lionfish, you must check regularly quality of water. They hunt small fish and shrimp in the tank. You must be very careful while feeding and moving because their spines are poisonous. They are more active in night.

Sunday, October 30, 2016

What you need for a good goldfish aquarium?

aquarium-filtration-goldfish

I started to write this blog to give you information about specification of fresh and saltwater species. If you have an aquarium you must know that lots of thing about your fish to ensure them good living medium.

As you know that goldfishes are one of the most popular aquarium fish. I gived general information about goldfish and 7 common misconception about them before. And now I will inform you about "What you need for a good goldfish aquarium?"

What you need for a good goldfish aquarium?

What is the size of a good golfish aquarium?

As I talked that before, keeping golfish in a bowl is one of the biggest mistake. They need space in aquarium because of that for each goldfish you need to at least 40 liters aquarium. I recommend that keeping them as a pair. Hereunder, if you want to keep goldfish you must have at least 80 liters aquarium.

Is the filtration necessary for a good goldfish aquarium?

Yes, it is obligatory. Because, goldfishes produce lots of waste and its easily poison water quality. If you want to keep your fish healty, your aquarium must have a good filtration system. Bio-wheel filtration is recommended. In addtion, filtration system must cycle twice whole water in aquarium.

Which heating system is required for a good goldfish aquarium?

Goldfishes are durable fishes. But you need to careful about temperature of aquarium. It is recommended that placing a small heater to aquarium.

Which gravel and decorations must be placed in a good goldfish aquarium?

They are herbivorous, so if you keep them in real planted aquarium they will eat all plant. You can use plastic plant, but quality of this plant is important. Some low quality aquarium decorations may poison the water. 
Goldfishes are scavengers and they tend to put gravel in their mouth. Therefore, you must land gravel to aquarium. Size of gravel is important, they must be big enough and rounded to protect goldfish to choke. 

What is the other important point for a good goldfish aquarium?

A good air pump is also important for a good goldfish aquarium. And if you keep goldfish having water test kit is recommended. In addition, aquarium must be lighted with lamp that not produce too much heat.

Friday, October 28, 2016

Procambarus Alleni [CAMBARIDAE]

electric blue crayfish

General Specifications

Latin Name: Procambarus alleni
Geographic Origin: America / is a species native to Florida.
Nutrition Format: Both carnivorous and herbivorous. 
Behavior: In the aquarium that has over population, they can catch fish to eat.
Behavior to Their Type: Moderately aggressive.
Swimming Level: Floor and Decor.
Gender Discrimination: Clamp of males are longer and more colorful.

Reproduction

They disappear, when they are ready for reproduction. Then eggs female adherent manner reappear. It is necessary to separate the men. Female protect eggs 1 month long and do not eat anything, because of that they must be feed good before reproduction. Nearly 50 puppies off are sized to be fed with the Artemia. If there is insufficient floor area in the aquarium, they can eat each other if . 

Living Medium

Temperature: 18 ° C - 22 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 15 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 100 liters.
Water Hardness: Medium - Hard
pH: 7.5 - 8.5



General Comments:  Their life is approximately 2-3 years. Aquarium must be well-ventilated with  air stone, otherwise they drowned. Ammonia and nitrite zero, if the nitrate is required is relatively small. They can take a very hard way to clamp your hand.

Champsochromis Spilorhynchus [Malawi Chiclid]

CHAMPSOCHROMIS SPILORHYNCHUS malawi chichlid


General Specifications

Latin Name: Champsochromis spilorhynchus
Geographic Origin: They are spread over a wide area of Lake Malawi.
Living Area: Shallow, sediment-rich areas.
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous
Behavior: Moderate aggressive
Behavior to Their Type: Aggressive
Swimming Level: Bottom-Medium
Gender Discrimination: Males are larger than females have red anal fin with blue colors.

Reproduction

They do incubators in the mouth.

Living Medium

Temperature: 24 ° C - 26 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 40 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 400 liters
Water Hardness: 9-15 °
pH: 7.5 - 8.5

General Comments: They fish in large sandy area. They are ruthless and large predators. They should not be in the same aquarium with small fish.

Wednesday, October 26, 2016

Siganus Vulpinus [SIGANIDAE]

General Specifications

Latin Name: Siganus vulpinus
Geographic Origin: Western Pacific: western Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea, Great Barrier Reef, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Caroline Islands, Marshall Islands, Nauru and Kiribati. Lately there has been in Tonga.
Living Area: Usually in coral reefs and lagoons, maximum depth of 30 m.
Nutrition Format: Herbivore, diet consists of fresh vegetables and a variety of undesirable algae. Some soft and hard coral polyps are likely to bite and eat. They will accept flake of high quality vegetable. Cyanobacteria, sea algae, the algae in tank including hair algae will be completely eliminated.
Behavior: Peaceful
Behavior to Their Type: Moderately aggressive
Gender Discrimination: It is difficult to determine the difference between male and female.

Reproduction

They shed plain eggs. It is difficult to produce. It is believed that the partnership lasted until his death the couple.

Living Medium

Light: Normal
Salinity: 1020-1025
Temperature: 22 ° C - 26 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 25 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 300 liters
Reef Compatibility: Caution should be. If the problem if it is not well fed, otherwise they may bite some LPS and soft corals (usually zoanthids and button polyps).
Water Hardness: 8 - 12 ° dH (medium - hard)
pH: 8.1 - 8.4



General Comments: Foxface rabbitfish, popular for beginners and experienced aquarists, attractive and durable fish. Usually found in the form of single or dual in rich regions of the lagoon and coral reef. They have noise like mouth to eat algae and other plant foods. There are poisonous spines in the dorsal and anal fins. Because of that must be dealt with caution. Poison is not as strong as a lion fish bites but it causes a bad pain. Because of poisonous dorsal spines predators leave them alone. They have color changing ability, when thwt are stressful or in unfamiliar environments they turn their color to dark brown.

Tuesday, October 25, 2016

ASTROPECTEN BISPINOSUS [ASTROPECTINIDAE]

ASTROPECTINIDAE-sea-star

General Specifications

Latin Name: Astropecten bispinosus
Geographic Origin: Mediterranean Sea
Nutrition Format: Plankton and micro-organisms sand niggle in the fed.
Behavior: Peaceful
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful

Living Medium

Light: Normal
Salinity: 1.023 to 1.026
Temperature: 22 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 21 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 60 liters
Reef Compatibility: Compatible
pH: 8.1 - 8.4



General Comments: This species live in the deep sea water. During the day, fed by filtering water. Maintenance is a kind of hard, because there is not enough belenebil micro-organisms in the aquarium will usually die from starvation.

Ancistrus Claro [LORICARIIDAE]

Loricariidae

General Specifications

Latin Name: Ancistrus claro.
Geographic Origin: Brazil
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous - Herbivores.
Behavior: Peaceful.
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful.
Swimming Level: Bottom, also act in the glass and accessories.
Gender Discrimination: It consists of spines on the mouths of men.

Reproduction

They shed plain eggs, retain their eggs.

Living Medium

Temperature: 24 ° C - 28 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 7 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 80 liters
Water Hardness: 2 - 10 ° d
pH: 6 to 7.6



General Comments:  It is active during the day. Man and female access reproductive maturity at same time.

Monday, October 24, 2016

Potamotrygon Henlei [Potamotrygonidae]

Tocantins-River-ray

General Specifications

Latin Name: Potamotrygon henlei.
Geographic Origin: Rio Tocantins / Brazil
Living Area: They live in plenty flowing mud or sand-covered floor. 
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous. It is fed by small fish and invertebrates in nature. Can not accept dry feed in the aquarium. Krill, squid, live baits should not be missing from the diet, such as shrimp. Beef liver is objectionable granting of foods such as chicken.
Behavior: Peaceful.
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful.
Swimming Level: Base.
Gender Discrimination: Men have more bright spots, even though the distinction for looking at the pelvic fins. Male sexual organ that is located in the tail and extending internal insemination as in sharks.

Reproduction

3-12 month gestation period in the natural environment is usually completed in 9-12 weeks in the aquarium environmentA few months offspring should be fed with the parents. Otherwise, they can compete fed by parents. Newborn cubs are born with brown spots.

Living Medium

Temperature: 23 ° C - 28 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 24 "/ can grow up to 60 cm (disc diameter).
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 500 liters for a single fish
Water Hardness: Soft-Medium
pH: 5.8 to 7.2



General Comments:  This is one of the most visually beautiful of freshwater stingrays. Although the export of farm produce for arrest due to excessive periods in accordance with trade regulations IBAMA in Brazil it is illegal. Floor area of the aquarium to feed this type is very important. There is a tendency to flush sand itself under stress. So it must be selected fine-grained sand. Each floor in the living organisms in the water such as nitrite, nitrate and ammonia is sensitive to rates.

Sunday, October 23, 2016

Caridina Cf. Cantonensis [SHRIMP] [King Kong]

kingkong-shrimp

General Specifications

Latin Name: Caridina cf. cantonensis "King Kong"
Geographic Origin: It is a species has been breeding the aquarium environment. The wild ancestors live in China.
Nutrition Format: Herbivores, well cleaned with specially manufactured feeds for shrimp and steamed vegetables can be given.
Behavior: Peaceful.
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful.
Swimming Level: Floor and Decor.
Gender Discrimination: Females are larger than males and carry the eggs in the abdomen.

Reproduction

After 4 weekly transport, fry shrimp gradually become an independent individual separated from the female's abdomen. An average female lays 25 eggs. Females average 6 weeks after can start carry new eggs.

Living Medium

Temperature: 18 ° C - 25 ° C
Maximum Sizes: Men's 2 cm., 3 cm in females.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 30 liters.
Water Hardness: 8 ° dH
pH: 6.0 - 7.0



General Comments:  General Comments: This is a mutation of the Bee shrimp. Black brightness and increased density value increases. They are one of the most valuable breeding shrimps.

NOTHOBRANCHIUS RACHOVII [KILLIFISH]

killifish-rachovii

General Specifications

Latin Name: Nothobranchius Rachovii.
Geographic Origin: Southern Mozambique.
Nutrition Format: Both carnivores and herbivores.
Behavior: Peaceful.
Behavior to Their Type: Even tough they are peaceful, they protect their area.
Swimming Level: Middle and Surface.
Gender Discrimination: Females are more swollen than men and have more dull colors.

Reproduction

There is no significant information about reproduction behavior of this type.

Living Medium

Temperature: 20 ° C - 24 ° C
Maximum Sizes: Men's 5 cm., 6 cm in females.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 60 liters.
Water Hardness: 4-6 ° dH
pH: 6.0 - 7.0



General Comments:  They live about 1 year. You can store eggs in wet peat about 6-8 weeks.

Saturday, October 22, 2016

Astronotus Ocellatus [Oscar Fish] [ASTRONOTINAE]

oscar-fish

General Specifications

Latin Name: Astronotus Ocellatus.
Geographic Origin: Colombia, Venezuela, France Guyana, Peru, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina, has been very common in nature. It is collected from many river systems, Amazonas, Negro, solimãμes, Ucayali, Approuagu and Oyapock. Most often found in wooded areas of slow moving or still water in the shallows.
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous.
Behavior: Moderate aggressive.
Behavior to Their Type: Moderate aggressive.
Swimming Level: Bottom-middle-Surface.
Gender Discrimination: Gender discrimination is very difficult. However, referring to the distinction made in the reproductive period tube tubes releasing fish. The female reproductive wide and oval-tipped tube, boy 'is in the narrow and pointed. Men grow faster than females.

Reproduction

The surface like a flat rock, they spawn. Generating possible in large aquariums. Because male and female co-discrimination had taken a group of 8-10 have kept fish production can be separated.

Living Medium

Temperature: 22 ° C - 25 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 35 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 300 liters (for one fish).
Water Hardness: 5-19 ° dH
pH: 6.0 - 8.0



General Comments:  Astronauts which have access to large size, are sleek, predatory fish. Especially young, they are very active. Another feature of the astronaut that they are very intelligent, accustomed to jump over the water can get your bait by hand. It is the biggest mistake that can be made for them to feed in small aquarium. They are dangerous against to the size of fish that they can swallow. There are several color variations. They grow at a rate of 2.5-3cm each month until reach the size 25 cm.

Friday, October 21, 2016

BETTA SPLENDENS [OSPHRONEMIDAE]

Siamese-fighting-fish

General Specifications

Latin Name: Betta Splendens.
Geographic Origin: Thailand.
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous.
Behavior: Moderate aggressive.
Behavior to Their Type: Over aggressive.
Swimming Level: Surface
Gender Discrimination: Males are more colorful and have longer fins.

Reproduction

Men make their nest on top of the water from the foam. While female spawn father would guard the eggs and carry them into this foam.

Living Medium

Temperature: 24 ° C - 30 ° C  
Maximum Sizes: 7 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 30 liters.
Water Hardness: 5-19 ° dH
pH: 6.0 - 8.0



General Comments: Often sold in glass bell jar. This fish could not find the right place in terms of ethics of survival because of the way the commercial concerns. And also because of their behavior two men can not live in the same environment. They do not behave selective for nutrition.

AMPHIPRION MELANOPUS [CINNAMON CLOWNFISH]

Amphiprion-melanopus

General Specifications

Latin Name: Amphiprion melanopus
Geographic Origin: United States
Nutrition Format: Both carnivores and herbivores
Behavior: Semi-Aggressive
Behavior to Their Type: Semi-Aggressive

Living Medium

Light: Normal
Salinity: 1,020 to 1,025
Temperature: 22 ° C - 26 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 12 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 100 liters
Reef Compatibility: Compatible
pH: 8.1 - 8.4



General Comments: This type of clown is easy to produce at home. Puppies should be put on a pair of the same aquarium. By the time pass one will be male and an other female. Then they shed their eggs on a flat surface. Depending on the temperature drop eggs in 6-11 days. Then fry should be fed with rotifer culture, whether in a separate aquarium.

Amphiprion Ocellaris [OCELLARIS CLOWNFISH]

ocellaris-clownfish

General Specifications

Latin Name: Amphiprion Ocellaris
Geographic Origin: The Western Pacific. It is also called anemone fish.
Living Area: It makes some kind of hosting the anemones. Pacific Carpet Anemone would be preferred.
Nutrition Format: Accept dry feed. Live bait should not be neglected.
Behavior: Peaceful
Behavior to Their Type: Moderately aggressive
Gender Discrimination: They can change gender according to condition, one of the dominant male develope and return to female. 

Reproduction

They live as a colony with one active male, female and pasive males. Anemones play an important role in reproduction, but anemones is not necessarily they can also spawn elsewhere deem safe.

Living Medium

Light: Normal

Salinity: 1,023
Temperature: 25 ° C - 28 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 10 cm.
Reef Compatibility: Compatible
pH: 8.2 - 8.5



General Comments: These are very likeable and lively fish. They fold their reputation with the cartoon character Nemo fame. It is also suitable for a fish will start the new marine aquarium because it is durable. It adapts quickly to the aquarium.