Showing posts with label freshwater. Show all posts
Showing posts with label freshwater. Show all posts

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

What is algea? How to keep under-control algea?

how to keep under control algea

Algae is a term that used to classify photosynthesis or non-photosynthesis plant-like organism. There are several types of algae with different colors, like green, brown, red, golden yellow and blue-green. But in aquarium we generally encounter with green and brown type, because these two are more common.
Up to now everthing is good, algea plant like organism and generally they produce their own food with photosynthesis. But they colonize too fast and you may face with green or brown covered aquarium. So that you need to take precaution for gain an advantage over aquarium algea.

Control Feeding
By overfeed your feed you are creating  fish waste and unconsumed fish food which are big food source for algeaAlgea will increase their growing rate by realisingly this food sources. So that, you must give controlled amount food according consumption rate of your fish. No do not give food that your fish consume in just one or two minutes.

Control Lighting
If you have a planted aquarium, this means you need 12 hours light in your aquarium. If not, you do not need this much light. Ok your fish also need night, but they do not get light too much in their natural living medium. We use light to see our fish in our aquarium. By lighten aquarium too much time, you give algea chance to grow up because they do photosynthesis and for photosynthesis organism needs light. So that you need to limit lighten time to decrease grow rate of algea.
TIP: Always avoid sunlight. Because algea grow like crazy with sunlight and also it increases water temperature and causes stress.

Control Water Parameters
Increase in nitrate level always helps algea growth. Fish waste and unconsumed fish food behave like fertilizer for algea. So that you must test regular your water condition. And also regular partial water change is vital for reduce algea organism number and also remove impurities from water.
TIP: Before water change it is also recommended that to test your tap water, because it may carry algea. (in general phosphate test and nitrate test can give you clue)
Control Filteration System
Aquarium filtration system is a good please for sprout of algea. Because filters collect all of impurities including food and waste. Thus, we must keep filter clean. Although to reduce chemical and biological factors your filtration system must be include also chemical and biological filtration system. You can place active carbon to filter to remove dissolved organics.

Feed Algea-Eater
If you want to keep algea under control, you can try feed algea eating fish or snails. But there is also risk with snails because they can breed easily and over populate the aquarium. So you must feed just one snail against over population.
Algea eating fishes not only feed with algeaAlgea is the limitted part of their diet. They can keep under control algea if your aquarium already captured with algea. You can choose loricariidae catfish.

If you already took precautions but, your aquarium still covered with algea.

What you need to do?
Probably you did not due care all of precautions. Ok, no problem. Your aquarium was captured by algea. Now you must carry out these steps.
  1. Remove fish to clean reserve tank.
  2. Dischargeall of the water from aquarium.
  3. Remove all decor, gravel and plants.
  4. Wash tank with clean water and dry it.
  5. Wash decor and gravel.
  6. Clean all of aquarium equipments.
  7. Put back all of aquarium staff to aquarium.
  8. Fill tank with clean and tested water again.
  9. Place fish.
  10. And do not forget to follow precautions above.

I hope you enjoy reading.

Tuesday, January 17, 2017

15 Basic Rules For a Good Aquarium

15 basic aquarium rules

With a small touch you can have a successful and healthy aquarium. Just a little care is enough for your aquarium friends. Here you can find 15 basic rules for a good aquarium.
Feed two to three times each day
Regular and varied feeding is important for fish
Do not overfeed. Feed must be consumed in about 2 min.
Take care to population in aquarium.
Change water weekly
Test water parameters regularly
Choose fish that live similar temperatures.
Choose fish that mesh together
Provide good filtration
Choose the largest aquarium possible.
Stable conditions are always important for fish.
According to type of fish that you feed, make daily, weekly and monthly checklist.
Be careful when you place new fish/decor/any equipment to aquarium.
Always check your fish condition.
Choose complementary plants, rocks, wood, gravel and etc.

Enjoy the hobby!

Friday, January 06, 2017

Quarantine Tank for Freshwater Aquarium


Hi everyone,
As you remember that I refer quarantine tank (QT) too much on my Common Aquarium Fish Illness and Their Treatment post. And to day I will talk about quarantine tank. What is the importance of quarantine tank? How must it be desingned?

Why quarantine tank is too much important?

Answer is simple. Firstly for your fish health. By using QT you can keep your main tank always healthy and shut off from diseases. Using QT always recommended not only for sick fish but also for new fishes. Because new fishes may carry diseases, and also transfer of fish may stressor to fishes. If you place new fishes to QT, you can easily observe diseases for cure and reduce stress caused by transfer. 
It is can be also called as a hospital of fish. When you see symthom of diseases on anyone of your main tank fish, you must remove and place to QT this fish to protect other fishes against infect.

Desing of Quarantine Tank

As you know that this is not your main tank because of that design is not to much important but filter, aeration and heater are still vital like in main tank.
Tank: You do not need to too big tank. Because this tank is not permanent residence. According to size of fish that you feed 20 - 50 liters is enough size for quarantine tank. You can also use good quality rubber/plastic made container after sterilization.
Filtration: You can use basic type of filters like sponge or hang on back filter. You will use it to clean detritus. 
You can find detailed information about filters here.
Aeration: If you use HOB filter aeration is not mandatory but for other type of filters it is always needed that place a airstone and connect it to a good air pump.
Heater: As I talked above our main aim to use QT to make fish healthy, so that we must arrange temperature according to fish's living medium.
Not: If your fish has a hiding behaivor in it inherent, you can place some smooth stone inside QT to provide hideaway.
In this post, i will not write any medicine because its differ disease to disease. Before store it you must clean it well. And also before reuse it, you must clean it again (at least wash with clean water to remove dust)
Quarantine Period: There is too much thought about that but there is not exact timing about quarantine. So that i will share with you may tactic. For new fish 3 week is enough. You can buy fish from confidential petshop, but if you want to clear all doubt you must wait a little bit more and in this period do not forget to observe your fish situation and behaivors. 
If you keep fish in QT because of disease, this time you must be more patient because there is no time limitation for it. Till your fish get healthy again you must wait.
Thank you for reading...

Thursday, January 05, 2017



General Specifications

Latin Name: Baryancistrus demantoides
Geographic Origin: Endemic to Venezuela.
Nutrition Format: Omnivorous
Behavior: Peaceful
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful
Swimming Level: Bottom, over the glass of aquarium.
Gender Discrimination: There is not any exact gender discrimination but in general thought fish with bigger fin is male.


They spawn and protect their eggs.

Living Medium

Temperature: 24 - 27 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 15 cm.
Water Hardness: 3 - 10 ° d
pH: 5.8 - 6.5
Minimum Size of Tank: 150 liters

General Comments: 

Reproduction in aquarium medium is rarely seen. Compering with other other loricariidae family member they are more delicate. So that they need extra care.

Tuesday, January 03, 2017

Common Aquarium Fish Illness and Their Treatment

I think that least desirable situation for your aquarium that your fish could get sick and die because of diseases.

Today I will inform you about common aquarium fish diseases which are secret hazard for your aquarium.

If you realize that symptom of diseases you have a chance to cure your fish. But you must be always careful when you check your fish.

Let's start.


Freshwater Ich (White Spot) (Ichthyophthirius Multifiliis)

It is too common disease and lots of aquarium owner probably face with it. Main reason for it parasites and if you do not take action, it can be mortal for your fish. If you do not control this disease it may pass over one fish to whole aquarium because it is fast spanning over parasite. Confusions on the body, fin and gill, may also effect movement and vantilation of your fish.
Signs: White spots on the body of fish, fin and gill. And each white spot includes parasite.
Factor: Cause of this disease is unicellular which named Ichthyophthirius.
Treatment: If you are in doubt about one of your fish get Ich, you must directly isolate it from the main tank. Main treatment method is daily application of Ich Medicine and daily water change in your quarantine tank. It is also recommended that application of medicine to main tank for both to clear your mind and decrease the chance infection to other fishes in your tank. And clear all aquarium decoration, filtration and an other equipments.
Protection: Select confidential petshops and purchase healty fish. Quarantine new fishes before transfer them to main tank. Always observe aquarium parameters to prevent parasite colonization.


Fin Rot

Fin rot is an other common fish disease. Its start at the edge of the fin and if not treated when fin ends it pass through the body of fish. Fin rot is common for large fin fish like bettas.
Signs: Edges of the fin become darker and fins fray. Base of fin seems gleety. White spot on fin like Ich.
Factor: Fin rot can be because of bacterial infection which named pseudomonas fluorescens or fungal infection. With out infection, you can also face with fin rot. Poor diet, injury, stress in aquarium and aquarium parameters may stimulate fin rot.
Treatment: Take out the fish and place it to qyarantine tank. Start to use phenoxyethanol, malachite green or methylene blue. Measure water parameters and correct them by using proper agent. Arrange water temperature. If the reason of fin rot is bacterical or fungal, in high temperatures they reproduce much more faster. Arrange number of fish according to your tank size.
Protection: Always check water condition and do regular water change. Do not give overdose food. Keep constant the water temperature. Quarantine new fishes before transfer them to main tank.



Dropsy is like edema. Your fish starts to seem like puffy.
Signs: It differ fish to fish but in general fish seems like bigger and puffy. Their eyes bulge and gills become pale.
Factor: Poor water quality, sudden change in temperature, stress and quality of food. And also bacterical and fungal diseases may be the reason of it.
Treatment: Again same take fishes to quarantine tank. Check the main aquarium general condition and parameters. Apply needed changes in aquarium. Use good quality foods. If it is needed give some antibiotics.
Protection: Do not overfeed your fishes. Use different type of food to support their digestion system. Take care of your fish compatibility and number in aquarium. Clean regularly both aquarium and filtration system. And also do not forget regular change of aquarium water.


Swim Bladder Disorder (Flipover)

Swim bladder is an organ which gives an ability to fish control their swim level without spent an energy. 
Signs: They can not swim regular. Generally they float upside down. If there is high water flow because of filtration motor, they sway from side to side.
Factor: Birth defect, compression of other enlarged organs. Too much food and air could be reason of it. And also constipation and intestinal parasites.
Treatment: Do not give food for 2-3 days by observing their condition. Increase water temperature to help their digestion. If starve is not work, you may use antibiotics.
Protection: To avoid swim bladder disorder you must feed your fish planned. Use quality food and take care of aquarium cleaning.


Gill/Skin Flukes

Your fish skin seem like flaking because of parasite.
Signs: Lost of color, red skin, rapid vantilation, blood spots.
Factor: Cause of this illness is parasite that named dactylogyrus.
Treatment: Keep effected fish in quarantine tank and start antibiotics. It is also recommended that increasing salinity rate of water.
Protection: Place new fishes quarantine tank before transfer them to main tank. Live foods may includes parasite so that take life food from trusted petshops.

To Sum Up

If you want to keep your aquarium healty and protected from the illnesses;
- Choose quality feed
- Choose trustful petshop
- Keep clean your aquarium
- Keep new fishes in quarantine before placing to main tank
- Always control water parameters.

Friday, December 30, 2016


There are many types of aquarium filter with different function.

We can seperate aquarium filter in to 3 according to their function.

  • Mechanic Filtration: desingned to catch particles in the aquarium water.
  • Chemical Filtration: filter chemical impurities which like caused by food adulteration.
  • Biological Filtration: helps to nitogen cycle and provides enough space for the grow of beneficial bacterias.

Basic to Complex Aquarium Filters

Up to now we learned function of aquarium filters. Now let’s look at types of aquarium filter from basic to complex.

Sponge/Air Driven Filter

Sponge/Air Driven Filter

The most basic aquarium filter. We can not classify this as a mechanic, chemical and biological because they do not do much this functions. You can use this filter for breeding, fry, nursery, hospital, small fish and invertebrates tanks.
Sponge filters’ working princable is to basic. It is powered with air pump and air starts to flow through tube in the center of filter. This flow force the water pull through sponge and filtration done this way.

Price Range: $1.00 - $25.00

Hang on Back (HOB) Filter

HOB Filter

This type of filter used commonly because it can provide mechanical, biological and chemical filtration at the same time.
You can hang over it to the back or the sides of aquarium. They suck water in the aquarium through their siphone and give back the water to aquarium over their waterfall.
Suck water pass through filter material and according to filter materials, they can provide different type of filtration.

Price Range: $10.00 - $180.00

Internal Filter

Internal Filter

Internal filters have dense structure. Because of that it is good to use them in small sized and nano aquariums. You can easily stick to the sides of aquarium.
They provide good mechanical, chemical and biological filtration for small sized aquariums. If you place an airline it can give air which produced movement of water to aquarium.

Price Range: $10.00 - $110.00

Undergravel Filter

Undergravel Filter

As you can understand from the name of filter, it is placed under the gravel of aquarium. It pulls water through the gravel.
Water pass through gravel and by this way mechanical filtration happen. We can not talk chemical and biological filtration very definitely.
Note: You must mix up the gravel over on the filter. If not, particules may collect over your gravel.

Price Range: $8.00 - $60.00

Canister Filter

Canister Filter

Canister filters are common for big size aquarium. They provide good chemical, mechanical and biological filtration. Because they have bigger size comparing with internal and HOB filters.
According to material inside of canister filter easily at same time as chemically, mechanically and biologically. By the help of siphon it draw water inside and water pass through the different filter materials and turn back to aquarium.
You can use this type of filter for every type of aquarium (salt, fresh and planted) with inner peace.

Price Range: $30.00 - $500.00

Wet/Dry Filter

Wet/Dry Filter

Wet/dry filters also called trickle filter. 
Setup of this type of aquarium is onerous but especially for salt aquarium it provides excellent biological filtration. Because it provides large area for beneficial bacteria grow.
It also do good chemical filtration with the material in the medium. But its mechanical filtration is limitted.

Price Range: $50.00 - $500.00

Fluidized Bed Filter

Fluidized Bed Filter

By the help of water pump water pumped into filter tube. Filter tube includes granules like sand, plastic or silica.
They provides good biological filtration, moderate mechanical filtration and not good chemical filtration.

Prize Range: $50.00 - $150.00

To Sum Up

According to your needs you can select one of these filters. Do not forget each aquarium needs a filter. Filtration is vital for aquarium fishes.

Friday, December 16, 2016



After a short break I will continue to inform you about aquarium fishes starting with Black Tetra.

General Specifications

Latin Name: Gymnocorymbus ternetzi.
Geographic Origin: South America, Amazon River, Negro river, Argentine river.
Living Area: Small, slow-flowing rivers, particularly dangling tree branches and shrubs.
Nutrition Format: They show more interest in plant foods than other tetra species. For this reason, vegetable feeding should not be neglected as much as it feeds on animal foods.
Behavior: Peaceful
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful
Swimming Level: Medium-Surface
Gender Discrimination: Sex discrimination is not easy. If reproduction is considered, it should be taken in groups. Females are bigger, have longer fins. Men's colors are darker.


Spreading eggs. It's easy. The temperature is 28-30 ° C. Eggs can be prevented from ejaculating by stretching the bottom web. After breeding, the adult fish should definitely take another aquarium. The offspring come out from the egg 18-36 hours. After a few days they start swimming freely. For the first few days, the offspring must feed on infuseria. Then you can use microworm and artemia. Aquariums should be as dark as possible because they are sensitive to light and eggs.

Living Medium

Temperature: 23 - 28 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 6 cm.
Water Hardness: 2 - 20 ° d
pH: 5.5 - 7.0

General Comments: 

It should be viewed in at least six groups as it is in all tetra groups. When they feed in the form of herds, the fish are the ones that can get very comfortable. They are durable fish when appropriate water conditions are met. They can be seen in bituminous aquariums. Next to the plants, mangrove roots and hiding places should be formed. The level of the plants should be up to the level of love that this swim is swimming in. In the habitat, it is made to look at an aquarium where the plants are floating in the light current and the light is formed by the shadows.

Friday, November 25, 2016



General Specifications

Latin Name: Thoracocharax Securis.
Geographic Origin: Central Amazon Region
Living Area: Fast flowing planted waters.
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous. Small live feeds and dry feed which plenty of protein should be given.
Behavior: Peaceful
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful
Swimming Level: Surface
Gender Discrimination: Men's are bigger.


No specific information

Living Medium

Temperature: 23 ° C to 30 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 9 cm.
Water Hardness: Soft - Medium
pH: 6.0 - 7.5

General Comments: They should be fed with at least 6 doses. They are splashed very well, so that the aquarium should be covered well. Their life span is 5 years.

Monday, November 14, 2016

Stress in aquarium.


What is Stress?

Most fish are animals that can adapt to most of conditions, but this does not mean that they can live as healthy as their habitats in any environment. If you feed it on inappropriate conditions, but the body functions of the fish slow down or speed up to ensure that this life is sustainable. This function change is called stress. Stress reduces the resistance of the fish to diseases and prevents the fish from treating itself in situations such as injuries. On top of all this, stress can lead to respiratory problems in fish. Stress at a given level may be treatable and not fatal, but stress in high parameters can be absolutely fatal.

What are the causes of stress?

  1. It is a source of stress that the value per liter of water per fish in the tank is less than the fish needs.
  2. The water pH and kH state is not a type of stress source.
  3. Some species live in salt water in small quantities, while others can not. The mistake in salt balance is a source of stress.
  4. Feeding peaceful and aggressive species together is a source of stress.
  5. Untreated water use is a source of stress.
  6. Sudden changes in water conditions are a source of stress.
  7. The species that show herd life are stress sources only.
  8. The amount of oxygen dissolved in water is a source of stress.
  9. It is a source of stress that the content of feed and nutrients used is not suitable.
  10. High drug use is a source of stress.
  11. The increase in ammonia, nitrite and nitrate in the water is a source of stress.
  12. It is a source of stress that the gore is high to low on the type you are fed by your water temperature.

What are the stress statements?

Briefly, we can say fish behavior disorders. I felt the need to expand this brief summary so that I could make a diagnosis in individuals who did not know the normal behavior of the fish.

  1. If the fish is standing on the surface of the water trying to breathe
  2. If fish are constantly hiding
  3. If open wounds are not healing, if fins are melting
  4. If there is external parasitic disease in the fish, it is highly probable that your fish has stress.

How is stress relieved?

It is more difficult to relief stress than obstruction. In short, it is necessary to prevent the stress conditions that I gave above 12 items. After the strase is inserted, it is again determined which of the above 12 items is the stress source and then it is treated by eliminating this source.

Thursday, November 03, 2016

Angelfish [Pterophyllum Scalare]


General Specifications

Latin Name: Pterophyllum scalare.
Geographic Origin: Colombia, Suriname, French Guyana, Peru and Brazil. Rio Oyapock, Rio Essequibo, Rio Ucayali, Rio SolimÃμes and the main Amazon basin. It is also found in various rivers in the Amapá region of Brazil.
Living Area: Swamps or submerged areas live in clean or clayey waters where the aquatic or riverside vegetation cover is intense. The colors become darker in clean waters.
Nutrition Format: Both carnivorous and herbivorous. They are predominantly fed with small crustaceans such as Zoobentosa and other aquatic invertebrates. Unlike their ancestors, angels raised in an aquarium environment accept scales and granules. They also like live and frozen food.
Behavior: Moderate aggressive.
Behavior to Their Type: Moderate aggressive.
Swimming Level: Medium - Surface
Gender Discrimination: Men's heads are more humbling. A definite distinction can be made at the time of tube removal. The tube of the men is thinner and pointed; The womens are thicker and rounded.


Flat eggs on a vertical surface, a large plant leaf, mother and father protect the eggs together. Putting 10-15 fish together for breeding and choosing a partner from them will increase the likelihood of success.

Living Medium

Temperature: 24 ° C to 30 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 10 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 1150 liters, the height of the aquarium should be at least 40 cm.
Water Hardness: 0 - 15 ° dH (Very Soft - Hard)
pH: 6.0 - 7.4

General Comments: They are flashy fish. Most hobbyists feed in the aquarium. They are not dangerous for the fish of the length that you can not hunt. Great Angels swallow small fish like Neon. There are angels in many different colors and body forms. It is not appropriate to look with species such as guppy, Japanese fish. In good condition they grow rapidly. It is not recommended to feed with discus. Aquariums can be planted with plants such as Echinodorus. They enjoy the low-calm waters. In addition to the standard silver variety, there are a number of varieties such as black, gold and koi.

Wednesday, November 02, 2016

Yucatan Molly [Poecilia Velifera] [Poeciliidae]


General Specifications

Latin Name: Poecilia velifera.
Geographic Origin: Central America, Mexico, Yukatan.
Nutrition Format: Both carnivorous and herbivorous. Small creatures and algae on the water.
Behavior: Moderate aggressive.
Behavior to Their Type: Only 1 male is recommended in the aquarium.
Swimming Level: Medium - Surface
Gender Discrimination: Men are more colorful and upper fins are more advanced. Men have gonopods.


Live birth (with the tearing of the egg immediately after it has left the belly of the fish).

Living Medium

Temperature: 25 ° C to 28 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 15 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 100 liters. Tanks of at least 300 liters are required to reach large dimensions.
Water Hardness: 13 - 19 ° dH
pH: 7.5 - 8.0

General Comments: The water of the aquariums should be bitter because they live close to the parts where the river flows into the sea. Throwing a tea spoon salt into 50 liters will provide both bitter water conditions and will also make the fish resistant to the mantle and white bean. In the aquarium, 3 female and 1 male are recommended. When more than 2 males are placed, the dominant male can crush other velifera. Their reproduction is a little tougher than the other live births, the offspring can be fed with artemia and powdered feed. The male's back fins are very important for fish during the reproduction period, and in small volume aquariums, the fish do not develop this fin.

Sunday, October 30, 2016

What you need for a good goldfish aquarium?


I started to write this blog to give you information about specification of fresh and saltwater species. If you have an aquarium you must know that lots of thing about your fish to ensure them good living medium.

As you know that goldfishes are one of the most popular aquarium fish. I gived general information about goldfish and 7 common misconception about them before. And now I will inform you about "What you need for a good goldfish aquarium?"

What you need for a good goldfish aquarium?

What is the size of a good golfish aquarium?

As I talked that before, keeping golfish in a bowl is one of the biggest mistake. They need space in aquarium because of that for each goldfish you need to at least 40 liters aquarium. I recommend that keeping them as a pair. Hereunder, if you want to keep goldfish you must have at least 80 liters aquarium.

Is the filtration necessary for a good goldfish aquarium?

Yes, it is obligatory. Because, goldfishes produce lots of waste and its easily poison water quality. If you want to keep your fish healty, your aquarium must have a good filtration system. Bio-wheel filtration is recommended. In addtion, filtration system must cycle twice whole water in aquarium.

Which heating system is required for a good goldfish aquarium?

Goldfishes are durable fishes. But you need to careful about temperature of aquarium. It is recommended that placing a small heater to aquarium.

Which gravel and decorations must be placed in a good goldfish aquarium?

They are herbivorous, so if you keep them in real planted aquarium they will eat all plant. You can use plastic plant, but quality of this plant is important. Some low quality aquarium decorations may poison the water. 
Goldfishes are scavengers and they tend to put gravel in their mouth. Therefore, you must land gravel to aquarium. Size of gravel is important, they must be big enough and rounded to protect goldfish to choke. 

What is the other important point for a good goldfish aquarium?

A good air pump is also important for a good goldfish aquarium. And if you keep goldfish having water test kit is recommended. In addition, aquarium must be lighted with lamp that not produce too much heat.

Friday, October 28, 2016

Procambarus Alleni [CAMBARIDAE]

electric blue crayfish

General Specifications

Latin Name: Procambarus alleni
Geographic Origin: America / is a species native to Florida.
Nutrition Format: Both carnivorous and herbivorous. 
Behavior: In the aquarium that has over population, they can catch fish to eat.
Behavior to Their Type: Moderately aggressive.
Swimming Level: Floor and Decor.
Gender Discrimination: Clamp of males are longer and more colorful.


They disappear, when they are ready for reproduction. Then eggs female adherent manner reappear. It is necessary to separate the men. Female protect eggs 1 month long and do not eat anything, because of that they must be feed good before reproduction. Nearly 50 puppies off are sized to be fed with the Artemia. If there is insufficient floor area in the aquarium, they can eat each other if . 

Living Medium

Temperature: 18 ° C - 22 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 15 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 100 liters.
Water Hardness: Medium - Hard
pH: 7.5 - 8.5

General Comments:  Their life is approximately 2-3 years. Aquarium must be well-ventilated with  air stone, otherwise they drowned. Ammonia and nitrite zero, if the nitrate is required is relatively small. They can take a very hard way to clamp your hand.

Champsochromis Spilorhynchus [Malawi Chiclid]


General Specifications

Latin Name: Champsochromis spilorhynchus
Geographic Origin: They are spread over a wide area of Lake Malawi.
Living Area: Shallow, sediment-rich areas.
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous
Behavior: Moderate aggressive
Behavior to Their Type: Aggressive
Swimming Level: Bottom-Medium
Gender Discrimination: Males are larger than females have red anal fin with blue colors.


They do incubators in the mouth.

Living Medium

Temperature: 24 ° C - 26 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 40 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 400 liters
Water Hardness: 9-15 °
pH: 7.5 - 8.5

General Comments: They fish in large sandy area. They are ruthless and large predators. They should not be in the same aquarium with small fish.

Tuesday, October 25, 2016

Ancistrus Claro [LORICARIIDAE]


General Specifications

Latin Name: Ancistrus claro.
Geographic Origin: Brazil
Nutrition Format: Carnivorous - Herbivores.
Behavior: Peaceful.
Behavior to Their Type: Peaceful.
Swimming Level: Bottom, also act in the glass and accessories.
Gender Discrimination: It consists of spines on the mouths of men.


They shed plain eggs, retain their eggs.

Living Medium

Temperature: 24 ° C - 28 ° C
Maximum Sizes: 7 cm.
Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 80 liters
Water Hardness: 2 - 10 ° d
pH: 6 to 7.6

General Comments:  It is active during the day. Man and female access reproductive maturity at same time.